it&Pf BAKER EDETif
kindle Copies 10 cents • By tne ve&r sisa
BY E I. PERT HUBBARD
WILL BE TO THE HOMES OF
. Hubbard hat been office boy, printer's de vil, foreman, editor,
manager, proprietor. He is an economist himself, — an eco-
nomist of time, money and materials. He writes with the touch of a
man who knows— more or less — about what he is talking. These
biographies will be intimate, yet critical. Fra Elbertus uses red ink,
and writes with a fresh nibbed, sharp-pointed pen and never with
a whitewash brush.
ALBERT A. POPE
H. J. HEINZ
MAYER A. ROTHSCHILD
ARE AS FOLLOWS
JAMES J. HILL
JOHN JACOB ASTOR
A I UTTLE JO u WTCYS ^r iooo. THE PHLLIS-
'"fArlAI - TINE Magazine for One Tear and a De Luxe
Leather Bound ROYCROFT BOOK, all for Two Dollars.
Entered at postoffice, East Aurora, N. Y. t for transmission as second-
class matter. Copyright, 1908, by Elbert Hubbard, Editor & Publisher
The Fra Xmas Number
THE FRA stands for Art Purity,
Intellectual Uplift and Brotherly
Love! You'll find THE FRA mental
relief after popular pishmince Hishhash.
Twenty World-Famous Writers
Will contribute to our big Christmas Number. Each
article will fittingly represent an IDEA expounded
for FRA Followers by devotees of Crystalline
Thought. Q, A picture of Fra Elbertus, and also a
group picture of Roycroft Horsemen, free with
this Christmas number of THE FRA J* Artistic
pictures mounted on Heavy Brown Mats, suitable
for framing. ( Not marred by printed matter. )
Gaspard's Conception of Jesus
will be the cover portrait for December; a very beau-
tiful work in two colors, on Alexandra Japan Vellum.
A CHRISTMAS PROPOSAL
Send us Two Dollars for Your Nineteen Hundred
and Nine Subscription to THE FRA, and as a
Christmas Present, we will send you our Double
Christmas Number — gratis, together with a beautiful
Two Dollar Roycroft Book, bound in limp leather.
^WO great Political Parties planked their
V£l/ platform with suffrage this year, yet
neither won f& Nor did they hope to win.
Unrestricted and equal suffrage for men and
women and we pledge ourselves to engage in an
active campaign in that direction.
Legislation basing suffrage only upon intelligence
and ability to read and write the English language.
But these signs are pointing the way to femi-
nine freedom. Thinking men now recognize
how unjust are prevailing conditions; school
teachers, newspaper, and professional women,
all property owners, remain at home while
the charity-fed village idiot helps decide the
issues of the day. Q Mrs. Hubbard voices her
protest against this old time * 1 taxation with-
out representation," in her Book,
Don't read this work unless you are big enough
to appreciate the logic it embraces. Women
have long since outgrown slavery 9 s shackles and
are knocking loudly on the door of Recognition.
THE ROYCROFTERS, Eaat Aurora, New York
^I© tkeHoir\es of C)X"e©dP'
MARY BAKER EDDY
\v£itterk Igf Elbert- IliaKL^ri adticl
done into CKPi*ixitec^Boolv Ig^"
THe I^q^crofter$ c& Vheiir^
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New Yo r li
M C M VIII
THE chief stones in the temple of Christian Science are to be
found in the following postulates: that Life is God, good and
not evil; that Soul is sinless, not to be found in the body; that
Spirit is not, and cannot be, materialized; that Life is not subject
to death; that the spiritual real man has no consciousness of
material life or death. — MARY BAKER EDDY.
MARY BAKER EDDY
ET the fact be stated that Mary
Baker Eddy is the founder of
This woman is still alive, alert,
receptive. She is still discovering.
We know this because she puts
out a new message every little
while, or modifies an old one,
having come in the meantime
into a position to get a nearer
and clearer view of the fact. The
last edition of "Science and
Health" is a different book from the first one. 1% Christian
Science is not a fixed, formed, fossilized, ossified structure.
Possibly it may become so. But the probabilities are that it
will grow, expand, advance, tj Life and growth consist in
eliminating dead matter, and evolving new tissue.
The institution, commercial, artistic, social, political, re-
ligious, that has ceased to grow has begun to disintegrate.
Christian Scientists do not flee the world, renouncing and
denouncing it. As a people they are well, happy, hopeful,
enthusiastic and successful.
I am fairly well informed on the history of all great religions.
In degree I know the character of intellect possessed by the
folks who make or made up their membership And my
opinion is, that no religion that has ever existed contained
so large a percentage of intelligent people, competent, safe
and sane, as does Christian Science.
MARY BAKER EDDY
There is an adage to the effect that a prophet is not without
honor save in his own country. In the case of Mary Baker
Eddy the adage just quoted goes awry. €J Mrs. Eddy has
retained the good will of Concord, Boston and Brookline,
where she now resides. Very many of the leading men and
women of each of these cities are Christian Scientists
The Christian Science Church at Concord cost upwards of
two hundred thousand dollars, and was the gift of Mrs.
Eddy. Over the entrance, cut deep in granite, are the words,
"Presented by Mary Baker Eddy, Discoverer and Founder
of Christian Science."
As to the argument that the truths of Christian Science have
always been known and practiced by a few, Mrs. Eddy issues
her direct challenge. In all of her literature she sets out the
unqualified statement that she is "The Discoverer and the
Founder." She is not apologetic — she assumes no modesty
she does not feel — she speaks as one having authority, as did
Moses of old, "Thus saith the Lord!"
She enters into no joint debates ; she does not answer back.
^ This intense conviction which admits of no parley is one
of the secrets of her power.
Up to ten years ago the Billingsgate Calendar was direct-
ed at her upon every possible occasion. Now Mrs. Eddy
has won, and legislation and courts have whistled in their
hounds. Your right to keep well in your own way is fully
recognized. Doctors are not liable when they give innocent
sweetened water and call it medicine, nor do we place Chris-
tian Scientists on trial if their patients die, any more than
MARY BAKER EDDY
we do the M. D.'s. Mrs. Eddy has influenced both the so-
called sciences of medicine and theology. Even those
who deny her and noisily discard her are debtors to her.
Homeopathy modified the dose of all the Allopathists ; and
Christian Science has attenuated the Hahnemanian theory
of attenuations, it having been found that the blank tablet
often cures quite as effectively as the one that is medicated.
Christian Science does not shout, rant, defy or preach. It is
poised, silent, sure, and the flagellants, like the dervishes,
are noticeable by their absence. The Rev. Billy Sunday is
not a Christian Scientist. The Christian Scientist does not
cut into the grape; specialize on the elevated spheroid;
devote his energies to bridge whist; cultivate the scandal
microbe; join the anvil chorus nor shake the red rag of
wordy warfare. He is diligent in business, fervent in spirit,
and accepts what comes without protest, finding it good.
Mary Baker Eddy has lived a human life. Through her
manifold experiences she has gathered gear — she is a very
great and wise woman. She is so great that she keeps her
own counsel, receives no visitors, makes no calls, has no
Thursday, writes no letters and never goes to the Church
that she presented to her native town.
Mrs. Eddy's step is light, her form erect — a slender, hand-
some, queenly woman.
She is sixty, you would say. The fact is she was born in
Eighteen Hundred and Twenty-one, and although she keeps
no birthdays, she might have kept eighty-seven of them
Her face shows experience, but not extreme age. The corners
MARY BAKER EDDY
of her mouth do not turn down. Her eyes are not dimmed
nor her face wrinkled. The day I last saw her she was dressed
all in white satin and looked like a girl going to a ball. Her
hat was a milliner's dream ; her gloves came to the elbow and
were becomingly wrinkled ; her form is the form of Bernhardt.
Her secretary stood by the carriage door, his head bared.
He did not offer his hand to the lady nor seek to assist her
into the carriage jfc He knew his business — a sober, silent,
muscular, bronzed, farmer-like man, who evidently saw
everything and nothing. He closed the carriage door and
took his seat by the side of the driver, who wore no livery.
The men looked like brothers.
The big brown horses started slowly away; they wore no
blinders nor check-reins — they, too, have banished fear.
The coachman drove with a loose rein.
The next day I waited in Concord, to see Mrs. Eddy again.
At exactly two-fifteen the big, brown, slow-going horses
turned into Main Street. Drays pulled in to the curb, auto-
mobiles stopped, people stood on the street corners, and some
— the pilgrims — uncovered Mrs. Eddy sat back in the
carriage, holding in her white-gloved hands a big spray of
apple blossoms, the same half smile of satisfaction on her
face — the smile of Pope Leo the Thirteenth.
The woman is a veritable queen, and some of her devotees,
not without reason, call her The Queen of the World. Some
doubtless pray to her. Mrs. Eddy has been married three
times. First, to Gilbert Glover, an excellent and worthy man,
who is the father of her only child, a son. On the death of
MARY BAKER EDDY
Glover, the child was taken by Glover's mother and secreted
so effectually that his mother did not see him until he was
thirty-four years old, and the father of a family.
Her second husband was a Dr. Patterson, who was not only
a rogue but a fool — a flashy one, that turned the head of a
lone, lorn young widow, who certainly was not infallible in
judgment. In two years the wife got a divorce from the
doctor on the grounds of cruelty and desertion, at Salem,
Her third marital venture was Dr. Eddy, a practising phy-
sician — a man of much intelligence and worth. From these
two doctors Mrs. Eddy learned that the Science of Medicine
was no science at all.
Mrs. Eddy has stated that her husband was her first convert,
and Dr. Eddy gave up his practice to assist his wife in putting
before the world the unreality of disease. That he did not
fully grasp the idea is shown by the fact that he died of
This, however, did not shake the faith of Mrs. Eddy in the
doctrine that sickness was an error of mortal mind. For a
good many years Mrs. Eddy drove the memory of her two
good husbands tandem, hitched by a hyphen, thus: Mary
Baker Glover-Eddy. Many a woman has joined her own
name to that of her husband, but what woman ever before
so honored the two men she had loved by coupling their
names! Getting married is a bad habit, Mrs. Eddy would
probably say, but you have to get married to find it out.
CJ In Eighteen Hundred and Seventy-nine, Mrs. Eddy organ-
MARY BAKER EDDY
ized the first Church of Christ, Scientist, in Boston, and
became its pastor. In Eighteen Hundred and Eighty-one,
being then sixty years of age, she founded "The Metaphys-
ical College, " in Boston. For ten years she had been speaking
in public, affirming that health was our normal condition
and that as a man thinketh in his heart, so is he.
From her fiftieth to her sixtieth year she was glad to speak
for what was offered, although I believe even then she had
discarded the good old priestly plan of taking up a collection.
<I The Metaphysical College was started to prepare students
for teaching Mrs. Eddy's doctrines. The business ability of
the woman was shown in thus organizing and allowing no
one to teach who was not duly prepared. These students
were obliged to pay a good stiff tuition, which fact made
them appreciative js, In turn they went out and taught;
all students paid the tidy sum of one hundred dollars for
the lessons, which fee has been cut to fifty. Salvation may
be free, but Christian Science costs money. The theological
genus piker, with his long, wrinkled, black coat, his collar
buttoned behind, and his high hat, is eliminated.
Mrs. Eddy manages the best methodized institution in the
world, save only the Roman Catholic Church and the Stan-
dard Oil Company. How many million copies of "Science and
Health" have been sold, no man can say. What percentage
of the money from the lessons goes to Mrs. Eddy only an
Armstrong Committee could ascertain, and it is really no-
body's business, but hers. That Mrs. Eddy has some very
skillful helpers goes without saying. But here is the point
MARY BAKER EDDY
— she selected them, and she is supreme. €| That the
student who pays fifty dollars gets his money's worth, I
have no doubt. Not that he understands the lessons, or that
any one does or can, but he receives a feeling of courage
and a oneness with the whole which causes health to flow
through his veins and his heart to beat with joy. The
lesson may be to him a jumble of words, but he expects
soon to grow to a point where the lines are luminous. In
the meantime, all he knows, is that whereas he was once
lame he can now walk.
Even the most bigoted and prejudiced now agree that the
cures of Christian Science are genuine.
People who think they have trouble have it, and it is the
same with pain. Imagination is the only sure-enough thing
in the world.
Mrs. Eddy's doctrines abolish pain and therefore abolish
poverty, for poverty in America, at least, is a disease.
Mrs. Eddy's chief characteristics are:
First — Love of Beauty as manifest in bodily form, dress
Second — A zeal for system, order and concentrated effort
on the particular business she undertakes*
Third — A dignity, courage, self-sufficiency and self-respect
that comes from a belief in her own divinity.
Fourth — An economy of time, money, materials, energy,
and emotion that wastes nothing, but which continually
conserves and accumulates.
Fifth — A liberality, when advisable, which is only possible
MARY BAKER EDDY
to those who also economize. <I Sixth — Yankee shrewd-
ness, great commonsense, all flavored with a dash of mysti-
cism and indifference to physical scientific accuracy. In
other words, Christian Science is a woman's science— she
knows ! And it is good because it is good — this is a science
sound enough for anybody — I guess so I Christian Science is
scientific, but not for the reasons that its promoters maintain.
IJ Male Christian Scientists do not growl and kick the cat.
Women Christian Scientists do not nag. Christian Scientists
do not have either the grouch or meddler's itch. Among them
there are no dolorosos, grumperinos or beggars. They respect
all other denominations, having a serene faith that all will
yet see the light — that is to say, adopt their doctrines.
The most radical among old school doctors could not deny
that Mrs. Eddy's own life is conducted on absolutely scientific
lines. She never answers the telephone, nor fusses and fumes.
She hires big, safe people and pays them a big wage. She pays
her coachman fifty dollars a week, and her cook in proportion,
and thus gets people who give her peace.
She goes to bed with the birds and awakens with the
dawn J> J*
At seven o'clock she is at her desk, dictating answers to
the very few letters her secretary thinks she should see.
She has breakfast at nine o'clock — eats anything she likes,
taking her time and fie tcheri zing. After breakfast she works
at her manuscripts until it is time for the daily ride.
At four o'clock she dines — two meals a day being the rule. If
she cares to dissipate a little and eat three meals a day, she is
MARY BAKER EDDY
not afraid to do so. ^ She knows her horses and cows and
sheep by name, and gives requests as to their care, holding
that the laws of mind obtain as to dumb animals the same
as man. Dogs she does not care for, and if she had an aver-
sion it would be cats. ^ Her servants, she calls "my helpers. 1 '
^ Christian Scientists very naturally believe in the equality of
the sexes. When girl babies are born to them they bless God,
just the same as when boy babies are born. In truth they bless
God for everything, for to them all is beautiful and all is good.
<I Paid preachers they do not have ; they do not believe in
priests or certain men who are nearer to God than others.
All have access to Eternal Truth, and thus is the ecclesiastic
To eliminate the theological middleman is well, and as for
the Church itself, surely Mrs. Eddy has eliminated it also;
for she never enters a church, or at least not more than
once a year, and then it is in deference to the architect.
A Church! Is it necessary? For herself Mrs. Eddy says, No.
But as for others, she says, Yes, a church is good for those
who need it.
Mrs, Eddy is the most successful author in the world, or
that the world has ever seen. No writer ever made as much
money as she, none is more devoutly read Shakespeare,
with his fortune of a quarter of a million dollars, fades into
comparative f ailure ; and Arthur Brisbane, with his salary of
seventy-five thousand a year, is an office-boy compared with
this regal woman who gives fifty thousand dollars a year for
MARY BAKER EDDY
HE valuable truths and distin-
guishing features of Christian
Science are not to be found in
Mrs. Eddy's books, but in Mrs.
Eddy's life She is a much
bigger woman than she is a
writer J, ^
Emerson says that every great
institution is the lengthened
shadow of a single man. Every
great business enterprise has a
soul — one man's spirit animates,
pervades and tints the whole. You can go into any hotel
or store, and behold I the nature and character of the owner
or manager is everywhere proclaimed.
You do not have to see the man, and the bigger the institution
the less need is there for the man to show himself.
His work proclaims him, just as a farmer's live stock all
moo, whinney and squeal his virtues — or lack of them.
As a boy of ten I learned to know all of our neighbors by
their horses. The horses of a drunkard, blanketless, hungry,
shivering outside of the village tavern, do they not proclaim
the poor, despised owner within?
You can walk through the passenger coaches of a train
made up at a terminal and read the character, unmistakably,
of the general passenger agent.
The soul of John Wesley ran through Methodism and made
it what it was. ^ The Lutherism of Luther yet lives ;
MARY BAKER EDDY
Calvinism the same, and the soul of John Knox still goes
marching on, carrying the Presbyterian banner.
Every religion partakes of the nature of its founder, until
this religion is mixed with that of another and its character
lost, as happened to the religion of Christ when it was
launched by Paul and finally fused with paganism by the
Roman Emperor, Constantine.
Christian Science is as yet the lengthened shadow of Mary
Baker Eddy. Her own immediate, personal pupils are still
teaching, and her life and characteristics impressed upon
them, are given out to each and all. Every phase of
life is solved by answering the question, 4 4 What would Mrs.
Eddy do?" Mrs. Eddy's ideas about dress, housekeeping,
business, food, health, the management of servants, the care
of children — all are blended into a composite, and this
composite is the Christian Scientist as we see and know him.
^ The fact that Mrs. Eddy is methodical, industrious, eco-
nomical, persevering, courageous, hopeful, helpful, neat in her
attire and smiling, makes all Christian Scientists exactly so.
fj She does not play cards and indulge in the manifold silliness
of so-called good society, and neither do they. Indeed, that
one thing which has been referred to as 1 4 the plaster-Paris
smile," the one feature in Christian Science to which many
good people object, is the direct legacy of Mrs. Eddy to her
pupils. " Science and Health" says nothing about it; no edict
has been put forth recommending it, but all good Christian
Scientists take it on — the smile that refuses to vacate the
premises. And to some it is certainly very becoming
MARY BAKER EDDY
Mrs. Eddy's self-reliant, silent, smiling personality has given
the key to conduct for the hundreds of thousands of people
who love her.
Mrs. Eddy is a rare good listener. She does not argue— once
she did, long years ago, but now her only answer to impa-
tience is the quiet smile. As for eating, her table has enough,
but stops short of surfeit ; the service is dainty, and all these
things are seen in the homes of Christian Scientists, Always
in the home of a good Christian Scientist the bath room is
as complete as the library, and both are models of good
house-keeping, seemingly always in order for the inspection
Mrs. Eddy does not say much about hot water, soap and
clean towels, but the idea, regardless of the non-existence
of matter, is fixed in the consciousness of every Christian
Scientist that absolute bodily cleanliness, fresh linen and
fresh air are not only next to godliness, but elements of it.
All of which you could never work out of "Science and Health
with a Key to the Scriptures" in a lifetime of study, any more
than you could mine and smelt the Westminster Catechism
out of the Bible.
The vital truths of right living come to us as a precious
heritage from the character of this great woman J> She,
herself, may not know this; but before she wrote her book
and formulated her religion, she lived her life. Her book is
an endeavor to explain her life, and as her life grew better,
stronger and more refined, she has changed her book. Her
book has reacted on her life, and the person who has gotten
MARY BAKER EDDY
most good out of "Science and Health" is Mary Baker Eddy,
tl " Science and Health" is mystical and beautifully human.
The author's oar often fails to catch the water. For instance,
she tries to show that animal magnetism, spiritualism, mental
science, theosophy, agnosticism, pantheism and infidelity are
all bad things and opposed to the science of "true being."
<1 This statement presupposes that animal magnetism, in-
fidelity, theosophy and agnosticism are specific entities or
things, whereas they are only labels that are clapped quite
indiscriminately on empty casks or full ones ; and the con-
tents of the casks may be sea- water or wine, and are really
unknown to both mortal and divine mind, whatever these
things are. Theosophists like Annie Besant, Spiritualists like
Alfred Russel Wallace, Agnostics like Huxley and Ingersoll
are very noble and beautiful people. They are good neighbors
and useful citizens.
"Science and Health" is an attempt to catch and hold in
words the secrets of an active, honest, healthful, seeking,
restless, earnest life, and as such is more or less of a failure.
^ Our actions are right, but our reasons seldom are.
Christian Science as a plan of life, embodying the great
yet simple virtues, is beautiful. "Science and Health with a
Key to the Scriptures" does not explain the Scriptures. The
book, as an attempt to explain and crystallize truth, is a
failure. It ranks with that great mass of literature, written
and copied at such vast pains and expense called, "Writings
of the Saints."
MARY BAKER EDDY
LL publishers are familiar with
inspired manuscripts. Such work
always has one thing in common
— unintelligibility. Good liter-
ature is j lucid to the average
mind. In fact, that is its distin-
guishing feature. We understand
what the man means. No able
writer uses the same word over
and over with varying sense jl
Alfred Henry Lewis and William
Marion Reedy use the mortal
mind, and their work is understandable J> You can sit in
judgment on their conclusions and weigh, sift and decide
for yourself. They make an appeal to your intellect.
But you cannot sit in judgment on "Science and Health,"
because its language is not the language we use in our
common, everyday intercourse with each other. It speaks
of Christ as a person, a principle, a spirit, a motive, as
"Truth"; as one who was born of one parent or no parents,
who lived, died or never lived, never was born, and cannot
die j* jl
Metaphysics is an attempt to explain a thing and thereby
evade the trouble of understanding it. You throw the burden
of proof on the other fellow — and make him believe he does
not comprehend because he is too stupid. This is not fair I
^ Language is simply an agreement between people that
certain vocal sounds, or written symbols, shall stand for
MARY BAKER EDDY
certain ideas, thoughts or things. <J Inspired writers string
intelligent words together in an unintelligent manner, and
thereby give the reader an opportunity to read anything into
them that his preconceived thoughts may dictate. Meta-
physical gibberish is a rudimentary survival of the practice
of reading to the people in a dead language. The doctors
continue the plan by writing prescriptions in Latin.
I once worked in a studio where the boys scraped their
palette knives on a convenient board. One day we took the
board out and had it framed under glass, with a double,
deep shadow box. We gave it the best place in the studio,
and labeled it, "A Sunset at Sea — an Impression in Mon-
The picture attracted much attention and great admiration
from certain symbolists. It also created so much controversy
that we were obliged to take it down in the interests of amity.
<I To assume that God inspired the Scriptures, and did the
work so ill that, after more than two thousand years it was
necessary to inspire another person to make a "Key" to
them, is hardly worthy of our serious attention If God,
being all-wise, all-powerful and all-loving, turns author, why
does He produce work so muddy that it requires a "Key?"
^[Individuals may use a code that requires a "Key,"
because they wish to keep their matter secret from others.
There may be for them a penalty on truth, but why Deity
should write in a secret language, and then wait two thou-
sand years before making the matter plain, and then to one
single woman in Boston, is incomprehensible.
MARY BAKER EDDY
What the world wants now is a Key to "Science and Health."
1§ In reading a book, the question that interests us is not
"Is it inspired?" but, "Is it true?"
Mrs. Eddy's ranks are recruited almost entirely from Ortho-
dox Christianity. On page six hundred and eight of "Science
and Health," pocket edition of Nineteen Hundred and Six,
a lawyer gives testimony to the good he has gotten from
Christian Science, and explains that he has long been a
member of the Episcopal Church. He is delighted to know
that he has not had to relinquish any of his old faith, but
has simply kept the old and added to it the new.
This explains, in great degree, the popularity of Christian
Science People cling to the religious superstitions into
which they were born. Mrs. Eddy's recruits are not from
theosophy, spiritualism, agnosticism, unitarianism, univer-
salism or infidelity. You can't give a free-thinker a book
with a statement of what he must find in it. He has acquired
the habit of thinking for himself.
Mrs. Eddy has no faith in Darwin, Spencer or Haeckel. She
quotes Moses, Jesus and Paul to disprove the evolutionists,
sits back and smiles content, innocently unaware that cita-
tions from Scriptures are in no sense proof to free minds.
^ All of the Bible she wishes to waive, she does. The cruelty
and beastiality of Jehovah are nothing to her. Her "Key"
does not unlock the secrets of Deuteronomy and Leviticus,
nor does it shed light on the doctrines of eternal punish-
ment, the vicarious atonement, or the efficacy of baptism
as a saving ordinance.
MARY BAKER EDDY
Explanations about mortal mind, divine mind and human
mind, citing specific errors of the human mind, with a calm
codicil to the effect that the human mind has no existence,
is not an illuminating literature.
It is simply "inspired."
Mrs. Eddy is very wise in not allowing her "readers" or
followers to sermonize or explain her writings jt These
writings are simply to be read. And so the hearers sit steeped
in mist, and wrapped in placidity, returning to their work
rested and refreshed, without being influenced in any way,
save by the soothing calm of forceful fog and mental vacuity.
The rest and relief from all thought is good.
The related experiences of Christian Scientists are the things
that convince and carry weight, not "Science and Health."
^ "Science and Health" is made to sell. It is not given to
you to be understood, it is to be bought and believed. If
you doubt any portion of it, at once you are told that this
is the work of your mortal mind, which is filled with error.
^ Good Christian Scientists do not try to understand
"Science and Health," — they just accept and believe it. "It
is inspired," they say, "so it must be true — you will know
when you are worthy to know."
And so we see our old friend Intellectual Tyranny come
back in another form, not with cowl and cape, but tricked
out with feminine finery and jewelry and gems that
lure and dazzle.
There is one thing quite as valuable as health, and that is
MARY BAKER EDDY
To say, "Oh, 'Science and Health' is certainly inspired — just
see how old Mrs. Johnson was cured of the rheumatism ! M
is not reasoning. And it has given the scoffers excuse for
calling it woman's logic.
Such reasoning is on the plane of, "Why, Jesus must have
been the only begotten son of God, born of a virgin, for if
you don't believe it, just see the hospitals, orphan asylums
and homes for the aged that Christianity has built!"
Mrs. Johnson was surely cured of the rheumatism all right,
but that does not prove that Mrs. Eddy is correct in her claim
that Eve was made from Adam's rib; that agamogenesis is
a fact in nature ; that to till the soil will not always be nec-
essary; that human life in these bodies will have no end;
and that an absent person can poison your health and
happiness through malicious animal magnetism; or that a
good person can give you absent treatment and cure your
I agree with Mrs. Eddy as to the necessity of eliminating
a medical fetich, but I disagree with her about religiously
preserving a theological one.
I have read "Science and Health with Key to the Scriptures"
for twenty years, and I have also read the Scriptures for a
much longer period. Also, I have lived in the same house for
many months with very intelligent Christian Scientists. And
after mature consideration I regard both the Scriptures and
" Science and Health" as largely made up of the errors of
My intuitions are just as valuable to me as Mrs. Eddy's are
MARY BAKER EDDY
to her. My conscience is quite as sacred to me as hers is to
her. And in being an agnostic I object to being classed as
blind, stubborn, wilful, malicious and degenerate Jt We
should honor our Creator by cleaving to the things that seem
to us to be true, and not abandon the rudder of our minds to
any man or woman who ever lived or who lives now.
Let us not be dishonest with ourselves, even to rid us of
our physical diseases.
As for health, I have all of it that Christian Science ever
gave or can give. I have no "testimony" of healing to
relate for I have never been sick an hour. And I think I
know how I have kept well. I make no secret of it. It is
all very simple — nothing miraculous. And my knowledge
of how to keep well is not inspired knowledge, save as all
men are inspired who study and know the Laws of Nature.
MARY BAKER EDDY
ACK of the reading desks, in the
"Mother Church," at Boston,
are quotations from Paul and
Mrs. Eddy, side by side. But the
quotation from Paul, which is
behind the woman reader's desk
is not this: "Let women keep
silence in the Churches."
Mrs. Eddy believes the Scriptures
are all true, word for word. Yet
when she quotes Paul she picks
the thing she wants and avoids
all that does not apply to her case.
Personally, I like this plan. I do it myself. But I do not
believe the Scriptures are inspired by an all-wise Deity. So
far as I know, all books were written by men, and very
often by faulty, human men at that. Mrs. Eddy's "Key"
does not unlock anything; and she does not try to unlock
any passages excepting the passages that seemingly have a
bearing on her belief.
That is, Mrs. Eddy believes things first, and then skirmishes
for proof. This is a very old plan. Says Shakespeare, "In
religion what damned error but some sober brow will bless it
and approve it with a text, hiding the grossness thereof with
Let no one read "Science and Health" in the hope of finding
in it simple and sensible statements concerning life and its
duties. They are not there.
MARY BAKER EDDY
I append a few quotations, and in mentioning the page I
refer to the pocket or "Oxford" edition of Nineteen Hundred
On page one hundred and eighty-three of "Science and Health"
I find: "The Scriptures inform us that sin, or error, first
caused the condemnation of man to till the ground, and
indicate that obedience to God will remove this necessity."
1$ Mrs. Eddy believes that work is a punishment, and that
the day will come when God will remove the necessity of
farming and making garden. Can a sane person reply to
such lack of logic?
On page five hundred and forty-seven is this: "If one of the
statements in this book is true, every one must be true, for
not one departs from its system and rule. You can prove for
yourself, dear reader, the Science of healing, and so ascertain
if the author has given you the correct interpretation of
This is evidently inspired by Paul's quibble, "If the dead
rise not from the grave then is our religion vain." Lincoln
once referred to this kind of reasoning by saying, "I object
to the assumption that my ambition is to have my son marry
a negress, simply because I am struggling for emancipation. "
Mrs. Eddy may heal you, but that does not prove that her
interpretation of Scripture is true.
Because this happens, that does not necessarily follow
Neither, because a thing precedes a thing, or goes with a
thing, is the thing the cause of the thing.
On page five hundred and fifty-three is this: "Adam was
MARY BAKER EDDY
created before Eve. Herein it is seen that the maternal egg
never brought forth Adam. Eve was formed from Adam's
rib, not from a foetal ovum."
In reading things like this in "Science and Health" let us not
be too severe on Mrs. Eddy, but just bear in mind that such
silly superstitions and barbaric folk-lore are yet offi-
cially believed by all Orthodox Clergymen and members of
Orthodox Churches. You can accept a belief in Adam's fall
and the vicarious atonement and still make money and have
Page one hundred and two: 4 'The mild forms of animal
magnetism are disappearing, and its aggressive features are
coming to the front. The looms of crime, hidden in the dark
recesses of mortal thought, are every hour weaving webs
more complicated and subtle J> So secret are its present
methods that they ensnare the age into indolence, and pro-
duce the very apathy on this subject which the criminal
This passage reveals the one actually dangerous thing in
Christian Science — the fallacy that one mind can weave
a web that will work the undoing of another. This is the
basis of a belief in witchcraft, and justifies the hangings
On page one hundred and three I find this: "As used in
Christian Science, animal magnetism or hypnotism is the
specific term for error, or mortal mind. It is the false belief
thai mind is in matter, and both evil and good; that evil
is as real as goodness, and more powerful. This belief has
MARY BAKER EDDY
not one quality of truth or good. It is either ignorant or
malicious. The malicious form of animal magnetism ulti-
mates in moral idiocy. The truths of immortal mind sustain
man; and they annihilate the fables and mortal mind, whose
flimsy and gaudy pretensions, like silly moths, singe their
own wings and fall into dust.
"In reality there is no mortal mind, and consequently no
transference of mortal thought and will power."
Page five hundred and two: "Spiritually followed, the book
of Genesis is the history of the untrue image of God, named
a sinful mortal & This deflection of being, rightly viewed,
serves the spiritual actuality of man, as given in the first
chapter of Genesis. When the crude forms of human thought
take on higher symbols and significations, the scientifically
Christian views of the universe will appear, illuminating time
with the glory of eternity. w
I append these two passages simply as samples of "inspired
literature." Any one who endeavors to understand such
printed matter is headed for Bloomingdale. You must leave
it alone absolutely or else accept it and read it with your
mental eyes closed, mumbling it with your lips, and let your
mind roam like a priest reading his breviary in the smoking
apartment of a Pullman car.
The question then arises, "Is Mrs. Eddy sincere in putting
forth such writing?"
And the answer is, she is most certainly sincere, and she is
certainly sane. She is an honest woman. But she is not a
clear or logical thinker, except on matters of finance and
MARY BAKER EDDY
business, and consequently she does not give forth a clear
expression when she essays philosophy. In order to write
lucidly you must think lucidly. Mrs. Eddy has no sense of
literary values J» She is absolutely devoid of humor, and
humor is only the ability to detect a little thing from a big
one — to perceive a wrong adjustment from a right one.
Q Style in literature is taste.
But the lack of style, taste and humor are general in man-
kind. The world has only produced a few great thinkers,
and one of them was Darwin, a name which Mrs. Eddy
mentions in "Science and Health" with reproach. Great writ-
ers are even more rare than great thinkers, because to write
one must not only have the ability to think clearly, but the
knack or technical skill to use the right word — the luminous
word — and so arrange, paragraph and punctuate them that
your meaning will be clear to average minds.
To say that Mrs. Eddy is not a thinker, nor a writer, is not
an indictment of the woman, although it may be a reflection
on the mental processes of the people who think she is. To
say that there are two million people reading Mrs. Eddy, also
proves nothing, since numbers are no vindication. Over a
hundred million people have kissed the big toe of St. Peter
in Rome. And surely the Roman Catholic Church contains
a vast number of highly educated people.
The things you do not know, you do not know. And Mrs.
Eddy knowing nothing of literary style, knows nothing of
literary art. Her prose and her poetry are worse than ordi-
nary All inspirational poetry I ever read is rot and all
MARY BAKER EDDY
inspired paintings I ever saw are daubs. ^ Mrs. Eddy should
not be blamed for her limitations. Many people who are
great in certain lines, labor under the hallucination that
they are also great in others.
Matthew Arnold was a great writer, and he also thought
he was a great orator. But when he spoke, his words simply
fell over the footlights into the orchestra and died there. He
could not reach the front row.
Most comedians want to play Hamlet, and all of us have
heard girls attempt to sing who thought they could sing, and
who were encouraged in the hallucination by their immediate
Mrs. Eddy thinks she can write, and unfortunately she has
been corroborated in her error by the applause of people who,
not being able to read her book, kindly attribute the inability
to their own limitations and not to hers, being prompted in
this by the suggestion oft repeated by Mrs. Eddy, herself jt
The resemblance of Mrs. Eddy's thought to that of Jesus
was never noticed until Mrs. Eddy first explained the matter.
*J Mrs. Eddy is not insane. Swedenborg was a civil engineer
and a mathematician. He wrote forty books that are nearly
as opaque as "Science and Health" jft If you write stupidly
enough, some one will surely throw up his cap and cry
"Great!" And others will follow the example and take up
the shout, because it is much easier, as Doctor Johnson
affirmed, to praise a book than to read and understand it.
Ci The custom of reading to a congregation in a dead or
foreign language, which the listeners do not understand,
MARY BAKER EDDY
has never caused any general protest from the listeners.
The scoffers are the only ones who have ever noticed the
incongruity, and they do not count since they probably
would not attend, anyway.
Next to reading from a book written in a dead language,
is to read from a book that is unintelligible. To listen to
such makes no tax upon the intellect, and with the right
accessories is soporific, restful, pleasing and to be com-
mended. If it does not supply an idea, it at least imparts
Mrs. Eddy's success in literature arises from the extreme
muddiness of her thinking and her opacity in expression.
If she wrote fairly well, all could detect her mediocrity,
but writing absolutely without rhyme or reason, we bow
before her supreme assurance. The strongest element in
men is inertia, — we agree rather than fight about it. We
want health — Mrs. Eddy gives it to us — therefore "Science
and Health and Key to the Scriptures," is the greatest book
in the world. Sancta simplicimus!
MARY BAKER EDDY
EOPLE turn to Mrs. Eddy for
relief just exactly as they for-
merly went to the doctor for
the same reason. In addition
to bodily health Mrs. Eddy gives
joy, hope, worldly success; and
even superior minds, seeing these
practical results of Christian Sci-
ence, move in the line of least
resistance and are quite willing
to accept the book, not troubled
at all about its mediaeval reason-
ing. t| In Ungania is a very great merchant, who, not content
with having the biggest store in the Kingdom, aspires
to the biggest University & The fact that the higher
criticism is only to him a trivial matter, and really un-
worthy of the serious attention of a busy man, simply
reveals human limitation. The specialist is created at a
terrific cost, and that a person will be practical, shrewd,
diplomatic and wise in managing the buying public and an
army of employes, and yet know and love Walt Whitman,
is too much to expect.
This keen and successful merchant, an absolute tyrant in
certain ways, has his soft side and many pleasant qualities.
Why any one should ever question the literal truth of the
Bible is beyond his comprehension. He is convinced that
the "Leaves of Grass" is an obscene book, never having read
it; yet he knows nothing about the third, eleventh and
MARY BAKER EDDY
thirteenth chapters of Second Samuel, having read the
Book all his life.
He has a pitying, patronizing smile for any one who suggests
that David was a very faulty man, and that possibly Solomon
was not the wisest person who ever lived. "What difference
does it make, anyway?" he testily asks.
If you work for him you have to agree with him, or else
be very silent as to what you actually believe.
We often find an avowed and reiterated love for Jesus, the
non-resistant, going hand in hand with a passion for war,
a miser's greed, a lust for power and a thirst for revenge.
There may be a prating about righteousness while the hand
of the man is feeling for his sword hilt, and his eye is locating
The Ten Commandments are all rescinded in war-time.
The "New York Evening Post" noted the peculiar fact that
nine out of ten of the delegates at the late Peace Conference
were theological heretics. As a rule Orthodox Christians stand
for war, and also for capital punishment.
How do we explain these inconsistencies? We do not try
to — they are simply facts in the partial development of the
race ^ J*
Why millionaires should patronize the memory of Jesus is
something no one can understand, save that things work by
Mrs. Eddy is of the same shrewd, practical type as this
merchant prince, just mentioned. She is the world's greatest
woman-general. She has all the qualities that go to make
MARY BAKER EDDY
successful leadership. She is self-reliant, proud, arrogant,
implacable in temper, rapid in decision, unbending, shrewd,
diplomatic, and she is a good hater. At times she dismisses
her critics with simply a look. No man can dictate to her,
and few dare make suggestions in her presence. To move
her, the matter must be brought to her attention in a way
so that she thinks she has discovered it herself. Then all
credit must be hers. In all the Christian Science churches
are various selections from her writings, and beneath every
one is her name. "Thou shalt have no other gods before
me ! " is the one controlling edict breathed forth by her life
She orders that whenever one of her hymns is announced,
always and forever, it must be stated that it is by Mrs.
Mary Baker Eddy.
Always and forever, the " student" giving testimony, refers
in terms of lavish praise and fulsome adulation to "Our
Blessed Teacher, Guide and Exemplar, Mary Baker Eddy."
God Almighty and Jesus occupy secondary positions in all
Christian Science meetings Mrs. Eddy is mentioned five
times to where They are once.
And I would not criticise this if Mrs. Eddy regarded Jesus
as simply a great man in history and "God" as an abstract
term referring to the Supreme Intelligence in Nature. But
to her, God and Jesus are persons who dictate books, and
very frequently she explains that her method of healing is
exactly the same as that practiced by Jesus. Side by side
with His words are hers. Passages from the Bible are read
MARY BAKER EDDY
alternately with passages from "Science and Health." If
both were regarded as mere literature, this would be par-
donable, but when we are told that both are "sacred" writ,
and "damned be he who dares deny or doubt," we are simply
lost in admiration for the supreme egotism of the lady. To
get mad about it were vain — let us all smile jfi Surely the
imagination that can trace points of resemblance between
Mrs. Mary Baker Eddy and Jesus, the lowly peasant of
Nazareth, is admirable.
Jesus was a communist in principle, having nothing, giving
everything. He carried neither scrip nor purse. He wrote
nothing. His indifference to place, pelf and power is His
Mrs. Eddy's love of power is the leading motive of her
life; her ability to bargain is beautiful; her resorts to law
and the subtleties of legal aid are strictly modern; and the
way she ties up the title to her writings by lead-pipe-cinched
copyrights reveals the true instincts of Connecticut.
This jealousy of her rights and the safeguarding of her
interests are the emphatic features of her life, and set her
apart as the antithesis of Jesus.
There is one character in history, however, to whom Mrs.
Eddy bears a close resemblance, and that is Julius Caesar,
who was educated for the priesthood, became a priest and
was Pope of Rome before he ventured into fighting and
politics as a business.
Mrs. Eddy's faith in herself, her ability to decide, her quick
intuitions, the method and simplicity of her life, her passion
MARY BAKER EDDY
for power, her pleasure in authorship — all these were the
traits which exalted the name and fame of Caesar. The
inventor of the calendar ordered that it should be known as
the "Julian Calendar"; and it is so called, even unto this
Once Carlyle sat smoking with Milburn, the blind preacher,
tj They had been discussing the historicity of Jesus.
Then they sat smoking in silence.
Finally, Tammas the Techy, knocked the ashes out of his
long clay t. d. and muttered, half to himself and half to
Milburn, "Ah, a great mon, a great mon — but he had his
The same remark can truthfully be applied to Mrs. Eddy.
And about the only point that Jesus and Mrs. Eddy have
in common is this matter mentioned by Carlyle.
The superior shrewdness and the keen business instinct of
Mrs. Eddy are seen in the use of the words "Christian" and
"Science." The sub-title, "And Key to the Scriptures," is
particularly alluring. And the use of the Oxford binding was
the crowning stroke of commercial insight. Surely Mrs. Eddy
must command our profound respect. She is a very great
The recent attempt to deprive this woman of her power and
of her property, in this land which essentially stands for the
divine right of property, was most happily frustrated by Mrs.
Eddy herself, when she invited the Master in Lunacy to her
house. His questioning of her as to the relative difference
between bonds and stocks as safe investments threw the
MARY BAKER EDDY
prosecution into the air. In wrathful disappointment Jaggers
(of Jaggers & Jaggers), for the prosecution, hastily bundled
up his papers, jammed his high hat over his ears, and in-
formed the reporters that he intended to wait until the woman
was dead and then "bust her will."
This decision not to fight the woman until she was dead,
showed the good sense of Jaggers. It was unlawyerlike in
Jaggers to say so, but the act is wise withal, since the will
of the living woman has never been successfully attacked.
MARY BAKER EDDY
OHN HENRY NEWMAN became
a Catholic, saying he found no
place in literature or art to rest
his head J> His reward for not
finding a place in literature or
art for his head was the red hat.
^ Let the followers of Mrs. Eddy
take comfort in the fact that
their great teacher has plenty
of high precedent for believing
that Adam was created by fiat,
and Eve was made from his rib,
all the fiat being used ; that Joshua commanded the sun to
stand still and it obeyed, even when the order should have
been given to the earth; that Lazarus was raised from the
dead after his body had become putrid; that witchcraft is a
fact in nature; and that children can be born by the aid of
one parent a little better than in the old-fashioned way.
These inconsistencies of absolute absurdity, existing side by
side with great competence and sanity, are to be found every-
where in history.
Mrs. Eddy has excited the envy of the medical world in her
demonstration that good health and happiness are the sure
results of getting rid of the doctor habit; but they got even
with her when she said that virgin motherhood would yet
become the rule, and tilling of the soil would cease to be a
Mrs. Eddy can believe in the Mosaic account of creation
MARY BAKER EDDY
and still be a great financier — there is plenty of precedent
here jt jt
St. Augustine thought, as did most of the early Churchmen,
that to do evil that good might follow was not only justifiable,
but highly meritorious. So they preached hagiology to scare
people into the narrow path of rectitude.
Chapman, Alexander, Torrey, Billy Sunday and most other
professional evangelists, believe in and practice the same
The literary conscience was a thing known in Greece, but
only recently, say within two hundred years, has it been
again manifest, and as yet it is rare. It consists in the scorn
and absolute refusal to write a line except that which stands
The artistic conscience that refuses to paint for hire or model
on order, is the same. Wagner, Millet, Rembrandt, William
Morris and Ruskin are examples of men who refused, and in
fact were incapable of anything but their highest and best in
Such men may be without conscience in a business way.
And a person may be absolutely moral in all his acts of life,
excepting in writing and talking, and here he may be slip-
shod and uncertain.
Mrs. Eddy is without literary conscience, just as much as
was Gladstone when he attempted to reply to Ingersoll in
"The North American Review," and resorted to sophistry
and evasion in lieu of logic.
Absolute truth to Gladstone was a matter of indifference —
MARY BAKER EDDY
expediency was his shibboleth Truth to Mrs. Eddy is a
secondary matter ; the two really important things are Health
Health and Success are great things to have, too, but I wish
to secure them only through the expression of truth. If you
gag my tongue, chain my pen and cry, "Believe and you
will have Health," I would say, "Give me liberty or give me
death" & &
Mrs. Eddy asks you to buy her book, "Science and Health.' 1
When the volume is handed to you, you are promised health
and success if you believe its every word; and if you don't,
you are threatened with "moral idiocy." It is the old promise
of Paradise, and the threat of hell in a new guise.
I decline the book.
MARY BAKER EDDY
TEPHEN GIRARD was a great
merchant who had a great love
of truth, but if he had been in a
retail business his zeal for truth
might have been slightly modi-
fied & J>
As a rule the world of hu-
manity can be divided into two
parts : the practical men and the
searchers for truth. Usually the
latter have nothing to lose but
their heads. Spinoza, Gallileo,
Bruno, Thomas Paine, Walt Whitman, Henry Thoreau,
Bronson Alcott are the pure type. Then comes Theodore
Parker and Ralph Waldo Emerson, crowded out of their
pulpits, scorned by their Alma Mater, pitied by the public
— yet holding true to their course. And lo! they grew rich,
whereas, if they had stuck close to the shore and safety,
they would have been drowned in the shallows of oblivion.
1| On the other hand, we find in the directorate of The
Standard Oil Company, John D. and William Rockefeller,
H. H. Rogers, Henry M. Flager and General Miller of
Baptist Sunday School fame. All these men are zealous
members of orthodox churches, giving large sums in sup-
port of the "gospel," and taking an active interest in its
Huxley, Darwin and Spencer are absolutely outside of the
orbit of these good men. All of them say, with J. Pierpont
MARY BAKER EDDY
Morgan, "My mother's religion is good enough for me."
tj So here we get great practical shrewdness, combined with
minds that so far as abstract truth is concerned, are simply
These men belong to a type that will cling to error as long
as it is soft, easy and popular.
Most certainly these men are not fools — they are highly
competent and useful in their way. But as for superstition,
they find it soothing j it saves the trouble of thinking, and
all their energies are needed in business. Religion, to them,
is a social diversion, with a chance of salvation on the side.
Inertia does not grip them when it comes to commerce-
but in religion it does.
Lincoln once said that there was just one thing, and only
one thing, that God Almighty could not understand: and
that was the workings of the mind of an intelligent American
Herbert Spencer says that Sir Isaac Newton was one of the
six best educated men the world has seen. He was the first
man to resolve light into its constituent elements. Voltaire
says that when Newton discovered the Law of Gravitation
he excited the envy of the scientific world. "Rut," adds
Voltaire, "when he wrote a book on the Bible prophecies,
the men of science got even with him. M
Sir Isaac Newton defended the literal inspiration of the Scrip-
tures and was a consistent member of the Church of England.
Dr. Johnson was unhappy all day if he did n't touch every
tenth picket of the fence with his caas as he walked down
MARY BAKER EDDY
town. <J Blackstone, the great legal commentator, believed
in witchcraft, and bolstered his belief by citing the Script-
ural text, "Thou shalt not suffer a witch to live," thus
proving Moses a party to the superstition. Sir Matthew
Hale, Chief Justice of England, did the same.
Gladstone was a great statesman, and yet he believed in the
Mosaic account of Creation, just as does Mary Baker Eddy,
tj John Adams was a rebel from political slavery, but lived
and died a worthy Churchman, subsisting on canned the-
ology — and canned in England, at that.
Franklin and Jefferson were rebels from both political and
theological despotism, but looked leniently on leeches and
Herbert Spencer had a free mind as regards religion, politics,
economics and sociology, yet he was a bachelor, lived in the
city, belonged to a club, played billiards and smoked cigars.
Physical health was out of his reach, and with all his vast
knowledge, he never knew why.
All through history we find violence and gentleness, igno-
rance and wisdom, folly and shrewdness side by side in the
The one common thing in humanity is inconsistency. To
account for it were vain. It is.
MARY BAKER EDDY
HE very boldness of Mrs. Eddy's
I claims creates an impetus that
carries conviction. The woman
believes in herself, and she also
believes in the Power, of which
she is a necessary part, that
works for righteousness J> She
repudiates the supernatural, not
by denying "miracles" but by
holding that the so-called mira-
cles of the Bible really occurred
and were perfectly natural —
all according to Natural Law which is the Divine Law. And
the explanation of this Divine Law is her particular business.
Thus does she win to her side those who are too timid in
constitution to forsake forms and ceremonies and stand alone
on the broad ground of Rationalism.
Christian Science is not a religion of fight, stress and struggle.
Is n't it better to relax and rest and allow divinity to flow
through us, than to sit on a sharp rail and call the passer-
by names in falsetto?
May Irwin's motto, "Don't Argufy," isn't so bad as a
working maxim, after all.
All Christian denominations are very much alike. Their
differences are microscopic, and recognized only by those
who are immersed in them.
Martin Luther only softened the expression of the Roman
Catholic Church, he did not change its essence. Benjamin
MARY BAKER EDDY
Franklin declared he could not tell the difference between
a Catholic and an Episcopalian. But Christian Science is a
complete departure from all other denominations, and while
professing to be Christian is really something else, or if it
is Christian, then orthodoxy is not.
Christian Science strikes right at the root of orthodoxy, since
it divides the power of Jesus with Mary Baker Eddy and af-
firms that Jesus was not THE Savior, but A Savior. This is
the position of Thomas Paine, and all other good radicals.
Christian Science places Mrs. Eddy's work right along side
of the Bible.
No denomination has ever put out a volume stating that
the book was required in order to make the Bible intelligible.
No denomination has ever put forth a person as the equal of
Jesus. This has only been done by unbelievers, atheists and
free thinkers. Christianity is at last attacked in its own
house and by its own household.
It is thoroughly understood and admitted everywhere that
there are two kinds of Christianity. One is the kind taught
by the Nazarene ; and the other kind, the institutional denomi-
nations which hold millions upon millions of dollars' worth
of property without taxation, and parade their ritual with rich
and costly millinery. The one was lived by a Man who had not
where to lay His head, and the other was an acquirement
taken over from pagan Rome, and continued largely in its
pagan form even unto this day.
Christian Science is neither one nor the other, and the
obvious pleasantry that it is neither Christian nor scientific,
MARY BAKER EDDY
is a jest in earnest. Christian Science is a modern adaptation
of all that is best in the simplicity and asceticism of Jesus;
the commonsense philosophy of Benjamin Franklin; the
mysticism of Swedenborg, and the bold pronunciamento of
Robert Ingersoll. It is a religion of affirmation with a denial-
of -matter attachment. It is a religion of this world.
Jesus was a Man of Sorrows, but Mary Baker Eddy is a
Daughter of Joy. And as the universal good sense of man-
kind holds that the best preparation for a life to come, if
there is one, is to make the best of this, Christian Science
is meeting with a fast-growing popular acceptance.
The decline of the old orthodoxy is owing to its clinging
to the fallacy that the world's work is base, and nature a
trickster luring us to our doom.
Mrs. Eddy reconciles the old idea with the new and makes
it mentally palatable. And this is the reason that Christian
Science is going to sweep the earth and in twenty years will
have but one competitor, the Roman Catholic faith.
Orthodoxy, blind, blundering, stubborn, senile, is tottering
— the undertaker is at the door.
Indeed, the old idea of our orthodox friends that they were
preparing to die, was literally true. The undertaker's name
and business address attached to the front of many a city
church is a sign too subtle to overlook. Not only was the
undertaker a partner of the priest, but he is now foreclosing
Christian Science is not final. After it has lived its day,
another religion will follow, and that is the Religion of
MARY BAKER EDDY
Commonsense, the esoteric religion which Mrs. Eddy her-
self lives and practices. As for her believers, she gives them
the religion of a Book — two Books, the Bible and "Science
and Health." They want form and ritual and temples. She
gives them these things just as doctors give sweetened water
to people who still demand medicine, and as if to supply the
zealous converts, just out of orthodoxy, their fill of eccle-
siastic husks, she builds fine churches — churches rivaling
the far famed San Salute of Venice. Let them have their
wish! Paganism is in their blood — they are even trying to
worship her! Let them go on and eventually they will pray
not in temples nor on this or that mountain, but in spirit and in
truth, just as does Mary Baker Eddy, the most successful
woman in the world today.
MARY BAKER EDDY
HRISTIAN SCIENCE is Ortho-
I dox Christianity, minus medical
fetich and the fear that a belief
in sin, sickness, death and
eternal punishment naturally
lend, plus the joy of a natural,
healthy, human life.
The so-called rational Christian
sects preserve their Devil in the
form of a Doctor, and Hell in the
shape of a Hospital.
My hope and expectation is that
Christian Science will become a Rational Religion instead
of a one-man institution, or a religion of authority, such
as it now is. Its superstitious features have doubtless been
strong factors in its rapid growth — serving as stays or stocks
to aid in the launching. But now, the sooner the ship floats
free the better.
Christian Scientists, being men and women, cannot continue
to grow if fettered with an index expurgatus, and mandatory
edicts and encyciicles. That which binds and manacles must
go — the good will remain.
Christian Science brings good news, and good news is always
curative jl Mrs. Eddy animates her patients with a new
thought, — the thought of harmony, the denial of disease and
the affirmation that God is good, and life is beautiful. The
animation thus produced is in itself the most powerful heal-
ing principle known to science. Life is born of love. Joy is a
MARY BAKER EDDY
prophylactic. Christian Science comes to the "student" as a
great flood of light. His circulation becomes normal, his
muscles relax, the nerves rest, digestion acts, elimination
takes place — and the person is well.
Fear has congested the organs — love, hope and faith place
them in an attitude so Nature plays through them J, The
patient is healed. In it there is neither mystery nor miracle. It
is all very simple. Let us rid ourselves of a belief in the strange
and occult !
The Christian Science organization is an expediency. It is an
intellectual crutch. The book is a necessity. It is a scaffolding.
CJ Yet he who mistakes the scaffolding for the edifice is a
specialist in scaffolding. Truth can never be caught and crys-
tallized in a formula. Also this: truth can never be monop-
olized by an "Ite" or an "1st." Eventually the label will
be eliminated with the scaffolding, and the lumber of ritual
and rite will have to go. We will live truth instead of talking
Among Christian Scientists there are no drunkards, paupers
or gamblers. Also, there are no sick people. To them sick-
ness is a disgrace. Orthodox Christians get sick and gratify
their sense of approbation by receiving pastoral calls and
visits from the doctor and neighbors. The biblical injunction
to visit the sick was never followed by Mrs. Eddy — she has
always decided for herself just what injunctions should be
waived and what followed. Those which she does not like
she interprets spiritually or glides over.
The biblical statement that man's days are few and full of
MARY BAKER EDDY
trouble ; and also the assertion that man is prone to wicked-
ness as the sparks fly upwards, are both very conveniently
Christian Scientists know the rules of health, just as most
people do; but what is more, they follow them, thus avoiding
the disgrace of being pointed out. They have made sickness
not only tabu, but invalidism ridiculous. When things
become absurd and preposterous, we abandon them
Unpopularity can do what logic is helpless to bring about.
<I The reasoning of Christian Scientists is bad, but their in-
tuitions are right. While denying the existence of matter,
no people on earth are as canny, save possibly the Quakers.
A bank balance to a Christian Scientist is no barren ideality.
It is like falsehood to a Jesuit — a very present help in time
of trouble. Sin, to them, consists in making too much fuss
about life and talking about death. Do what you want and
forget it. Quit talking about the weather, night air, miasma.
^ Knowingly or unknowingly Christian Scientists cultivate
resiliency. They are proof against drafts and microbes. Eat
what you like, but not too much of it. Be moderate.
Christian Scientists get their joy out of their work. This is
essentially hygienic. They breathe deeply, eat moderately,
bathe plentifully, work industriously — and smile.
This is all sternly scientific. It can never be argued down.
No school of medicine has ever offered a prophylactic equal
to work and good-cheer, and no system of religion has ever
offered a working formula for health, happiness and success
equal to that launched by Mrs. Eddy.
MARY BAKER EDDY
The science of medicine is a science of palliation. Christian
Scientists avoid the cause of sickness, and thus keep well,
tj There is no vitality in drugs. Nature cures — obey her.
In this matter of bodily health just a few plain rules suffice.
And these rules, fairly followed, soon grow into a pleasurable
Fortunately, we do not have to oversee our digestion, our
circulation, the work of the millions of pores that form the
skin, or the action of the nerves.
Folks who get fussy about their digestion and assume a
personal charge of their nerves, have "nerves," and are
apt to have no digestion.
"I have a pain in my side," said the woman who had no
money to the busy doctor.
"Forget it," was the curt advice.
Get the Health Habit, and forget it. And this is the quint-
essence of Christian Science.
Your mental attitude controls your body. Happiness is
health. There is no devil but fear.
AS A MAN THINKETH IN HIS HEART SO IS HE.
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